Ingredients in the doses that actually increase your performance, your strength, and increase lean mass that is based on science, not smoke and mirrors. These “concentrated” formulas consist largely of stimulants with under dosed ingredients like beta-alanine and arginine alpha ketoglutarate (AAKG). As an example beta- alanine is clinically proven to work at 3.2 grams per day and should be used multiple times per day. That is why we include it in Anavite at the clinically validated dose and not under dosed in our pre-workout that is to be taken on training days only. AAKG must be used at 12 grams a day for an effect and it's proven not do anything at 4 grams. These other companies utilizing ingredients like these in “concentrated” formulas are grossly under dosing them while making claims based on research that doesn't even apply to their formulas. This is downright deceptive and they prey on unsuspecting consumers. The math just doesn't add up so don't be fooled! Gaspari uses use validated doses of citrulline, creatine, carnitine tartrate, leucine, etc to get the job done right; you have to use the correct doses which often can't be fit into one large scoop or into a 5-6 gram doses in the popular concentrates.